The Art of Golden Weaving: Since 200 BC

Paithan, a city in Aurangabad, India is famous for its hand woven sarees. During 200 BC, through the Silk Road this art of tapestry came to the city. The art of hand weaving has been passed from families to families for several generations.

Photo courtesy Flickr

Paithani weaving involves carefully combining various threads of gold and silver to form a perfect blend of designs on the sarees. The weavers use the patterns printed in a piece of paper placed under the wrap of threads and use fully hand-operated mechanical machines to create the intricate designs on the sarees.

Paithani Sarees may take from two to twelve months to finish. On average, it takes these weavers one day just to weave together an inch of fabric. The process is incredibly methodical and meticulous,  with the weavers pulling their silken threads in and out of the loom in an almost rhythmic way. It is evident that they need to be deeply invested in their work, for the work that they do requires the utmost concentration.

Paithani sarees comes with various designs like flowers, fruits, leaves, and birds on it. These sarees have a silk body with gold motifs and the borders have silk motifs and patterns.The silken threads used in the sarees are all natural, being made from flower, tree, and herb extracts. The color, pattern, and border design are all blended together to create a distinct harmonic design for the sarees that hold a special meaning for the brides of Indian marriages; they will cherish the sarees for rest of their life to pass it down to their children.

Interesting Triva
How was Paithani golden weaving created?
The Goddess Parvathi wished to have a special garment for a wedding, so her husband Lord Shiva asked his weavers to create a special garment for his beloved wife. The weavers used threads of gold and silk, instead of using traditional ornamenting. With  rich silk textile and motifs of pure gold, they created a new concept of golden weaving which is popularly called as Paithani golden weaving.

Photo curtsy Flicker


I love to read and write about various aspects of India, people, culture, history, tradition, food, etc. My goal for this web site is to help westerns understand India that are not generally available in other web sites.


  1. Interesting info, it is amazing to see people in that part of the world still use their hands to weave great designs and patterns.

  2. Interesting says:

    I am often to blogging and i really appreciate your content. The article has really peaks my interest about the ancient history about India. I am going to bookmark your site and keep checking for new information.

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