“Sangeet” of India

“Sangeet” or Music had been integral to Indian cultural heritage. If we consider the origin of Indian music then it is for sure that we would be lost in the pages of Indian literature and History. But it is an unspoken fact that since time immemorial we Indians had been associated with music. And it is not wrong to say that religion had been pivotal in driving music into the lives of an Indian.

Sangeet and Indian tradition has grown simultaneously. Image courtesy Flickr

The four vedas are the purest and finest example and Divine sangeet.

Sangeet has been defined as ‘Gitam vadyam nrityam trayam sangita muchyete‘ i.e vocal, instrumental and dancing comprise of music and the three are inseparable. The unique fusion between the three has been best exemplified by Goddess Saraswati. Also not to miss the ‘tandav’, cosmic dance performed by Lord Shiva and ‘Lashya’ performed by Goddess Parvati, all clearly specify the influence of religion on Indian Sangeet.

Image courtesy Flickr

The first treatise on music was the “Natyashastra” written by sage Bharata. The legend goes that Indra approached Brahma to simplify the vedas for all those who find it difficult to read and understand. Upon this Brahma entrusted the work upon Bharata sage who created Natyashastra. Thus Natyashatra became a simplified tool for educating the lesser educated about the philosophies of the Vedas. How was this achieved? Well, Natyashastra enabled presentation of Vedic verses in form of dance and drama to the audience. So, this proves for sure how communication was simplified using Sangeet in older times.

Sangeet for soul! Image courtesy Flickr

Music had been very close to all Indian Gods and Goddesses. To name a few Narad, Tumbru, Urvashi, Rambha and Menka are quite closely associated. Lord Krishna had been the epitome of music and had been the contributor of best of dance forms called ‘Raslila’. Also to note that Arjuna worked as a dance teacher for quite some time. Even so when Amrapali invited Gautam Buddha and he happily accepted her invitation. Why? The answer is simple as being associated to Sangeet was a matter of pride and it was a popular choice of profession then. Vidyadhars and Gandharavs took Sangeet as a part of their profession.

Even the writings of Kalidas, Bhasa and Bharvi are excellent compositions and had soothing effect on heart and soul. Last but not the least Sangeet had been closely associated to spiritual awakening in India. Kabir, Nank, Tulsidas, Surdaas and Tukaram embraced sangeet/music to spread moral and ethical values to the masses.

Author: Resham Virk

Resham virk has served as a Captain in the Indian army for 5 years and has explored the best parts of India while in the Army. Daughter and wife of an Army officer, her tryst with Indian cultures and heritage is still not complete. She has been part of the retail industry as the Inventory controller of Walmart India stores but presently she is a full time homemaker satiating her desire to explore new things, places and to pen down so as to share.


  1. Great introduction about Indian music, hoping to read more articles about Indian music.

  2. Interesting and informative article about India’s music instrument, thanks for sharing it with all of us.

  3. Sangeet is an integral part of Indian culture, it feels good to see nice posts about Indian music, good job!!!

  4. Shrishti says:

    If we talk about India we automatically talk about Indian sangeet which flows in the veins of this country.


  1. Indian Gitam says:

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