Pre Pregnancy Care Through Ayurveda

‘Pregnancy should be by Choice, not by Chance’ – this statement holds true for having a healthy progeny and safe pregnancy. As the ultimate constitution of an individual is determined by the chromosomes of sperm and ovum destined to unite and form zygote from which organism develops, the health status of both the partners is very important for conception.


Normal menstrual cycle, healthy female reproductive system, proper maternal nutrition and healthy sperm and ovum are requisite for conception and healthy child. Photo from Flickr

Ayurveda describes that as proper season, fertile field, water and good quality seeds are essential for good crop, similarly the normal menstrual cycle, healthy female reproductive system, proper maternal nutrition and healthy sperm and ovum are requisite for conception and healthy child.

The regimen followed during pre pregnancy period to achieve conception is called  “Garbhadhan Vidhi”.

Specific  guidelines have been laid in Ayurveda for Pre pregnancy or Pre conception care.

Suitable partner for marriage

  • Should not belong to the same family or caste.
  • Should not suffer from infectious diseases including sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Should not have anatomical anomalies.
  • Should be healthy.

Factors vital for conception

  • Healthy uterus, cervix and vaginal canal without vitiation of doshas.
  • Normal menstrual cycle and healthy ovum.
  • Healthy sperm.
  • Equipoise Vata dosha or neurotransmission, hormonal and regulatory mechanism of the body .
  • Both the partners should be psychologically happy and mature, as happy mood is essential for achievement of conception .

Regimen for couple
Panchkarma (Purification Measures): The couple should be purified with oleation, sudation, emesis, purgation, enema. After this, they  are brought to normal physiological status with dietetics . These are meant to cleanse the body of accumulated toxins .

Diet
For Male: Ghrita (clarified butter) and milk medicated with anabolic herbs are given to improve the quality of sperms. Herbs such as Ashwagandha (Withania somniferum) , Gokshur (Tribulus terrestris) , Musali (Curculigo orchioides), Kaunchbeej (Mucuna  pruriens), Shilajeet (Asphaltum), drugs of  Shukrajanan (Spermatopoietic)  group should be taken for 4 – 6 months prior to conception. Diet should be healthy and balanced.

For Female: Sesamum oil and Black gram should be taken along with the balanced diet. Sesamum seeds possess excellent antioxidant property. They are a good source of zinc which in turn is important for  the formation of folic acid. Herbs such as Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Vidarikand (Pueraria tuberosa ) , Mulethi (Glycerrhiza glabra), Bala (Abutilon indicum), Amalaki (Phyllanthus emblica), drugs of  Prajasthapana (Procreants) group should be taken.


Dietary Articles

Vegetables: Broccoli, Brussels sprouts , Cabbage , Carrots , Cauliflower , Green beans , Peas, Potatoes, Spinach, Sweet corn, Raw lettuce, Raw tomatoes, Leeks, Kale  etc.

Fruits :Mainly Banana, Apple, Orange, Grapes.

Cereals : White rice, Brown rice, Branflakes, Wheat, Oats, Barley.

These should be included in diet.
After having propitious nourishment and feeling contended, the couple should prepare for coitus. Recital of hymns, pleasant fragrance and comfortable bed are required during coitus. After this, they should wash with cold water. Coitus is not meant just for pleasure but through this the divine, creative and vital energy is directed for procreation.

Importance of Regimen : The couple conforms to the type of nutritional regimen, demeanour and deeds at the time of coitus, the child possesses similar characters.

The timing of embryonic and fetal development is important. The pre embryonic  phase lasts from day 1 until 17 days post   conception, the embryonic phase is from 18 – 55 days post conception and this is followed by the period of organogenesis and post organogenesis.

Since conception occurs in mid cycle i.e between 8th – 20th day from 1st day of menstruation, so by the time pregnancy is confirmed, the life within has started and foundation has been laid.

It has been proved that poor nutrition and dietary deficiencies in proteins, vitamins, minerals, omega 3 fatty acids adversely affect the fetal growth and brain development. It also affects maternal body composition which favors  hyperglycemia, hypoproteinemia, hypertension, anemia etc.

The Pre pregnancy Care (Garbhadhan Vidhi) through Ayurveda prepares the couple to welcome a new life and to contribute towards healthy society.

References

  1. Drugs in pregnancy by R.S.Ledward, Progress in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol 12.
  2. Scientific foundation of Ayurveda by Dr H.S.Palep.
  3. Charak Samhita.

Author: Dr Baljot Bharaj

Dr Baljot Bharaj is an Ayurveda Consultant . She has done her masters with specialization in Gynecology & Obstetrics from Gujarat Ayurved University , Jamnagar, a renowned Ayurveda Institute.She has 16 years of profound experience of practicing Ayurveda in various capacities - as a consultant , in government sector , delivering lectures , publishing articles and research work . Her expertise is in providing Prenatal , Antenatal & Postnatal Care for healthy child and happy mother with emphasis on Women's health through Ayurvedic formulations and regimen . Her endeavour is to expedite Ayurveda - which stresses on lifestyle management for a happy and healthy life i.e 'Holistic Wellbeing for Harmonious Life'.

Comments

  1. Great article about Ayurveda for every men and women must know before their pregnancy. I always love to read articles that support alternative care from the general medicine. Nice article from Ayurveda point of view.

  2. Great advice for Pre Pregnancy Care, thanks for sharing it with all of us.

  3. Great info for per-pregenency care from Ayurveda point of view. Does Ayurveda talk about what to do to prevent miscarriage?

  4. Karen Land says:

    Dr Baljot, excellent advice for Pre Pregnancy Care for everyone to read. Can you recommend Ayurveda food for people who have gestational diabetes?

    • Hi Karen , thanks .
      Following can be included in the diet ( in moderation ) :
      Vegetables : Bitter gourd , fenugreek leaves , tomatoes , bell pepper , spinach , cucumber , radish , sponge gourd , drumstick leaves & fruits , broccoli , kale , lettuce , cauliflower , cabbage .
      Pulses : Mainly beans – green gram , bengal gram , black eyed pea , garbanzo beans , chick pea .
      Spices : Turmeric , cinnamon , garlic , fenugreek seeds .
      Cereals : Wheat , barley , pearl millet , oats .
      Fruits : Plums , kiwi , lime , oranges , guava , java plum / black plum , apple , peaches , gooseberry .
      Dry Fruits : Almond , apricot , walnut .

  5. It’s a useful article for women, mainly who are planning for a pregnancy or already pregrnant.

    • Thanks Swati .
      Women should be in best of health when planning for pregnancy . Poor health leads to complications during pregnancy and affects development of child adversally . So , it should be responsibility of woman to take proper care of self .

  6. Great article. I will be going through many of these issues as well..

  7. Priya Chetan says:

    Very useful information. Diet during planning state is seriously important. Thanks a lot for sharing.

  8. ANOUSHIKA says:

    Am 26 YEARS AND MY HUBBY IS 34; HE HAS DONE A KIDNEY TRANSPLANT 2 YEARS BACK HENCE HE IS ON MEDICATION FOR LIFETIME; NOW WE R PLANNING TO HAVE A BABY AND I WANT TO KNOW WHAT I CAN DO IN ORDER TO HAVE A HEALTHY BABY AND TO GO THROUGH A GOOD PREGNANCY; PLZ EMAIL ME I WILL BE WAITING FOR UR REPLY DOCTOR

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