Concept of Dhatus
Ayurvedic physiology describes “dhatus” or vital tissues that work in integration to ensure the proper functioning of the body. The seven dhatus include “rasa” or plasma, “rakta” or blood, “mamsa” or muscle, “meda” or fat, “asthi” or bone, “majja” or marrow and nerves, and “shukra and artav” or reproductive tissue. All these seven vital tissues nourish one another.
The order in which these dhatus have been listed are from the shallow to the deep. For instance, a person suffering from an issue due to the blood is comparatively less serious than a person suffering from a marrow disorder. Just an in case of cancer, the patient suffering from a malignant disease of the bone marrow is a very difficult condition to treat than that of the blood.
Concept of Srotas
The “srotas” are also illustrated in Ayurvedic physiology. These are the vital channels through which energy flows. It needs to be kept clean for its effective functioning. If the srota is blocked by wastes, then the energy is accumulated at any one particular portion and is inhibited in the rest. To avoid blockage of these vital channels, the concept of massage, acupressure, acupuncture, yoga and others came into existence. These specifically targets at clearing the blockages in the channels which allows energy to flow endlessly.
Concept of Ama
There is yet another concept in Ayurvedic physiology, and that is “ama”. Ama is the very common term to the wastes accumulated in the body. This is mostly due to indigestion and poor absorption. Compounds like DDT and Sodium trichloroacetate are also considered toxic ama which can be collected in the body. These chemicals are taken from the environment just like food and water.
Maintain Good Health with Ayurveda
There are primarily two ways to maintain good health from the perspective of Ayurveda.
- Adopting proper diet regimen to support and replenish the dhatus.
- Clearing out ama from the srotas.
We can compare our body with an oil lamp. To keep the lamp ignited, it should have enough oil. Also, it must be clean and free from dusts to keep the flame bright. Only a small portion of the population of the world is capable of maintaining good health by following the above two methods. Around three-fourth of the people are malnourished and the remaining one-fourth suffer from ama in the srotas due to pollution and over eating.
Food and actions in Ayurveda are the key to healing. Eating just the right amount based on the constitution and the environment are the basics to lead a healthy and clean life. Herbs also play a vital role in clearing out your system. The Ayurvedic physicians recommend a balance of food, action and herbs to trigger healing of the body. Herbs stimulate the digestion process and also enhances absorption.
All in all, to replenish your dhatus and keep your srotas free from ama, one must adopt a balance of food, action and herbs for their body constitution.