Green Cardamom

Cardamom is known as Queen of Spices and is the third most expensive among all spices. It is dried unripe fruit of the plant of ginger family. Little pods of green cardamom have a refreshing flavor and alluring green color. Protected inside the pod are small, black seeds. Each pod contains about 15-20 seeds enclosed in three compartments.
These seeds contain the essential oils which impart the unique flavor of the spice. The different essential oils found in cardamom seeds are : a-terpineol 45%, myrcene 27%, limonene 8%, menthone 6%, ß-phellandrene 3%, 1,8-cineol 2%, sabinene 2% and heptane 2%.It is a household commodity in Indian families and popular for its health benefits and flavor.

Buying Tips

  1. Always go for healthy pods which have no signs of color fading, cracking and rusting.
  2. Prefer buying intact pods and not the pre-shelled and pre-powdered products as they lose their aroma fast.
  3. Sometimes, pods are bleached so they are of white color. They have longer shelf life but are less aromatic.
Storage

  1. Store in an airtight container.
  2. Protect from direct heat, light and moisture.
  3. Try not to store in powdered form.

Culinary Uses

  1. The powdered seeds are used to impart flavor to many Indian sweets.
  2. Cardamom is also used to flavor beverages such as ‘lassi’, butter milk
  3. The pod is used in various rice preparations such as ‘biriyanis’ from Moghul cuisines.
  4. It is also used to flavor hot beverages such as tea and hot milk.
  5. In Guajarati cuisines it is used in ‘khadi’ – dish prepared with butter milk.


Medicinal Uses

  1. It is used to provide relief indigestion and flatulence.
  2. It is used as a breath-freshener.
  3. It is reported to have beneficial effects in teeth and gum infections.
  4. Also it is said to act as an antidote for snake and scorpion venom.
  5. It is beneficial in throat troubles, congestion of the lungs and pulmonary tuberculosis.
  6. In India it is regarded as a cure for obesity.
  7. It is said to have blood thinning properties, so it will help individuals with cardiovascular diseases.
  8. Some experts claim that when added to milk, cardamom neutralizes its mucus forming properties and it detoxifies caffeine in coffee.

Dietary Facts
Cardamom is rich in dietary fiber so it is beneficial for individuals with degenerative diseases. It is a very rich source of potassium and should be consumed by hypertensive patients.
It is rich source of all minerals and good source of some vitamins. It is low in fat content. Therefore, it is one of the healthy options of spices and condiments and can be used liberally.

Nutrition Facts
Calories from Fat 56Kcal
Calories 311Kcal
Total Fat 7gm
Saturated Fat 0mg
Polyunsaturated Fat 0mg
Cholesterol 0mg
Sodium 10mg
Potassium 1119mg
Total Carbohydrate 68gm
Dietary Fiber 28gm
Protein 11gm
Vitamin C 21
Calcium mg
Iron 14mg
* The Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet, so your values may change depending on your calorie needs. The values here may not be 100% accurate because it has not been professionally evaluated nor have they been evaluated by the U.S. FDA.

Author: Editorial Team

Spice Flair Editorial Team

Comments

  1. TALWAR NAND KISHORE says:

    good for knowledge indian spices & export value , consumer worth

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