Ayurveda-Traditional Medicine of India

Ayurveda, is a method of long-held traditional medicine in India. The very name Ayurveda translates as “complete knowledge for long life.” While it is a traditional medicine in India, among some parts of the world it is considered a strange and alternative medicine. It is one of the oldest medical practices in India, dating the first texts to mention it as far back as 150 BCE in the Vedic period.

The two major texts that the Ayurveda is first mentioned in are the Susrusta Samhita and the Charaka Samhita. These were among the first medical books in all of India, specifically, Indian encyclopedias of health and medicine. The two books were written and collected from various sources around India after nearly a century before the two official scripts making the Ayurveda were created.

This long-held Indian traditional medicine can be broken down into small topics for easy understanding, the approach, the balance, how to diagnose, and treatments. We’ll cover each of these, one at a time, to make sure you know everything you need to know to determine if this type of traditional medicine is appropriate for you.

The Approach of Ayurveda
The approach that has been taken toward healing in India hasn’t changed in thousands of years. Even in its earliest forms the Ayurveda healing principles were based off the five elements, earth, water, fire, air, and sky. In traditional medicine terms for the Ayurveda, these elements are, in the same order, Prithvi, Jala, Agni, Vāyu, and Akasa. The humanly elements that are worked with in the approach offered by Ayurveda are plasma, or chyle, blood, flesh, fat, bone, marrow and semen – or the female reproductive tissue. These elemental and human dimensions are used in the approach to heal and balance a healthful being during his or her various stages of being and age.

To achieve this, the approach that takes is to balance the three elemental energies. These three elemental energies are solid combinations of the 7 earthly elements. The combination of air and space make Wind, or Vata. Pitta is the combination of fire and water, and finally Kapha which is water and earth. According to the traditional medicine used in Ayurvedic medicine, these three elemental substances are referred to as doshas, which literally means “to deteriorate.”

These three combinations of elements are important because when they appear in your body in equal proportions you will be healthy; when they are in unequal amounts the body will become unhealthy and even ill in multiple different ways. Finding these equal proportions can be hard to do, since each person is different and needs to seek balance in a different way. When the approach to this type of traditional medicine is balanced, the body will have a healthy metabolic rate, good digestion, and proper excretion, and all those things combined adds up to the Ayurveda way to long life and vitality.

Perfect Balance
has had a major influence on Hinduism and Buddhism, encompassing the idea of perfect balance and universal togetherness. Perfect balance is essential and teaches that suppressing natural urges that an individual has is unhealthy and even harmful. Accepting natural urges is a part of achieving perfect balance, but so is realizing that some things need moderation, such as food intake, sexual intercourse, and even sleep. To achieve perfect balance, for the student to become the master, they must achieve that moderation while not denying his or her natural urges.

A Diagnose
When an Ayurveda healer attempts to find a diagnosis they cover a ten steps, or ten-point, examination of the patient before they can come to conclusion on how to treat the ailing man or woman. These ten point s are:

• Constitution
• Abnormality
• Spiritual essence
• Mental and Physical stability
• body measurements
• Proper Yogic diet
• Psychic strength
• Age

After observing the patient and questioning them to complete the ten-point exam, they must compare these results for the five criteria required to diagnose the ailing patient. These criteria reflect many ideas about modern science, a surprise for a traditional medicine that is thousands of years old. These five criteria for diagnosis are:

• Origin of the disease
• Precursory Symptoms of the sickness or disease
• Reflecting on the symptoms of the completely developed disease which the healer believes them to be suffering from.
• Observation of therapeutic procedures to know what has not worked, and to let them to know what won’t work in the future.
• The Pathological process

When healers use these five criteria to find a diagnosis they are looking at the physical, mental, and spiritual parts of the person as a single unit or personality. To do this, the healer needs to follow the ten-point exam and the five criteria for a diagnosis. This will allow the heeler to see the person and all their states of being as a single whole that needs treated, not just the body, mind or spirit, but the whole. That view of healing is absolutely necessary when trying to find the perfect balance and a diagnosis that can get them on their way there.

Proper Hygiene
Proper hygiene is one of the many Eastern Indian values that turned into a corner-stone of Ayurveda traditional medicine. Without proper hygiene the ideas of Ayurveda and yoga would be impossible. It’s also a common practice to cover, or anoint, the body with a fine layer of oil, often so, it’s prescribed.

The majority of the traditional medicine used in Ayurveda is based off plant and animal medicines. There are hundreds of different plants and herbs that are used as medicines and treatments by the professionally trained Ayurvedic healer. There are a few animal products that can be used to aid the sick to get better, such as milk, bones, and even the gallstones of certain animals. The fats of animals can be prescribed to consume or to use on certain parts of the body to treat an ailment as well.

The approach the treatments offer has become more and more popular, much due to the fact that many people believe they are being over medicated by pharmaceuticals. For people who fear that, the traditional medicine that Ayurvedic medicine offers can be a great alternative option. Minerals are also used in the treatment and healing process, including sulfur, arsenic, lead, copper sulfate and even richer metals such as gold and silver. When metals are added to the herbal treatments it is often called rasa shastra by healing professionals.

This is basic way that an Ayurvedic healer will find and treat what is ailing one of his or her patients. They look at the individual mind, body, and spirit to make a final conclusion to what will be best for that person.

Author: Dr Maulik Vyas

I am a holistic Doctor with 10 yr of experience in medical/health and wellness industry. Also, I am a professional content writer with 1000s of articles published across the web. I'm available for content writing, natural treatment consultancy, business ideas about healthcare/wellness industry. I am the proprietor of company named Mouls Incorporation.


  1. I have been practicing Ayurveda cooking and heating for one year. It is sure changed my life style. I would recommend to everyone to practice it. In the beginning I though that I need to change my eating habits completely and convert myself into Vegetarian. But found that still I can eat meat and sea foods with my daily vegetables.


  2. Pretty! Thiis has been an incredibly wonderful post.
    Thank you for suplying this info.


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